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A old illustration of the corner of Friedrichstrasse and Unter den Linden
Von Autor/-in unbekannt - Dieses Bild ist unter der digitalen ID ppmsca.00339 in der Abteilung für Drucke und Fotografien der US-amerikanischen Library of Congress abrufbar.Diese Markierung zeigt nicht den Urheberrechtsstatus des zugehörigen Werks an. Es ist in jedem Falle zusätzlich eine normale Lizenzvorlage erforderlich. Siehe Commons:Lizenzen für weitere Informationen., Gemeinfrei,

Friedrichstrasse: A History of Berlin's Most Iconic Street

Berlin's Friedrichstrasse has been one of the city's most iconic streets for over two centuries. From its humble beginnings as a small lane on the outskirts of Berlin to its current status as a bustling commercial and cultural hub, Friedrichstrasse has played a pivotal role in shaping the history of the German capital. In this blog post, we'll take a closer look at the history of this historic street and its significance to Berlin.

The Early Years of Friedrichstrasse

Friedrichstrasse was named after Frederick II of Prussia, also known as Frederick the Great, who ruled from 1740 to 1786. Originally, the street was a small lane on the outskirts of Berlin, but it soon grew in importance as the city expanded. By the 19th century, Friedrichstrasse had become one of Berlin's most important commercial and cultural centers, lined with elegant shops, theaters, and cafes.

The Golden Age of Friedrichstrasse

The late 19th and early 20th centuries were the golden age of Friedrichstrasse. During this time, the street was home to some of Berlin's most iconic landmarks, including the famous department store Wertheim, the Metropol Theater, and the Café Bauer. The street was also a popular destination for the city's elite, who flocked to its exclusive shops and restaurants.

Friedrichstrasse During the Two World Wars

The two World Wars had a significant impact on Friedrichstrasse. During the First World War, the street saw a decline in business as many of its wealthy patrons were drafted into the military. However, the street bounced back in the 1920s, with the rise of the Weimar Republic. The 1920s were a time of great cultural and artistic experimentation in Berlin, and Friedrichstrasse was at the center of it all.

The Second World War had a much more devastating impact on Friedrichstrasse. The street was heavily damaged during the bombing raids of 1943 and 1944, and many of its historic buildings were destroyed. After the war, the street was rebuilt, but it would never fully regain its pre-war glory.

Friedrichstrasse During the Cold War

After the war, Friedrichstrasse found itself in the heart of divided Berlin. The street became famous for the Checkpoint Charlie border crossing, which was located at the intersection of Friedrichstrasse and Zimmerstrasse. During the Cold War, Friedrichstrasse was divided into two parts: the East German side and the West German side. The East German side was heavily fortified, with watchtowers, barbed wire, and armed guards.

Friedrichstrasse Today

Today, Friedrichstrasse has regained much of its pre-war status as a vibrant commercial and cultural center. The street is home to some of Berlin's most exclusive shops, including Louis Vuitton, Gucci, and Prada. It's also home to the Friedrichstadt-Palast, one of the largest and most famous theaters in Europe. Despite its turbulent history, Friedrichstrasse remains one of Berlin's most iconic and beloved streets.


Friedrichstrasse has played a significant role in the history of Berlin. From its early days as a small lane on the outskirts of the city to its current status as a bustling commercial and cultural hub, Friedrichstrasse has been at the center of many of the city's most important moments. Despite the challenges it has faced over the years, Friedrichstrasse remains a testament to the resilience and vitality of Berlin and its people.


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