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Bornholmerstrasse and the Fall of the Wall

East Germans crossing over into West Berlin at Bornholmer Strasse
Von Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1989-1118-018 / Roeske, Robert / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0 de,

Exploring the Rich History of Bornholmerstrasse in Berlin

Berlin, the capital city of Germany, is known for its diverse culture, rich history, and breathtaking architecture. One street that encapsulates all of these elements is Bornholmerstrasse. Located in the borough of Prenzlauer Berg, Bornholmerstrasse has played a pivotal role in shaping the city's history and culture. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating history of Bornholmerstrasse, from its early beginnings to its modern-day significance.

Early Days of Bornholmerstrasse

Bornholmerstrasse dates back to the 18th century when it was known as Neuendorfer Strasse. At that time, the street was located outside the city walls of Berlin and was primarily used for transportation and trade. It was not until the mid-19th century that the street became a part of Berlin. With the expansion of the city, the street was renamed Bornholmerstrasse in 1890, after the Danish island of Bornholm.

Bornholmerstrasse in World War II

During World War II, Bornholmerstrasse played a significant role in the Battle of Berlin. The street was the site of fierce fighting between the German army and the Soviet Union's Red Army. In April 1945, the Red Army managed to break through the German defense line on Bornholmerstrasse, which marked the beginning of the end of the war in Berlin.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

One of the most significant events in Bornholmerstrasse's history occurred on November 9, 1989. The Berlin Wall, which had divided East and West Berlin for 28 years, finally fell. Bornholmerstrasse was the site of the first border crossing to be opened that night, allowing East Berliners to cross over to the West. The checkpoint was opened by Günter Schabowski, a member of the Politburo of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, who made an error in his announcement that led to confusion about the new travel regulations. Thousands of people showed up at the checkpoint, and the guards eventually had to open the gates to avoid a violent confrontation.


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