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German Resistance Memorial

German Resistance Memorial in Berlin at the Bendlerblock
Von C. Seiberl (Minimal) - German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0,

The German Resistance Museum in Berlin: Tracing the History of Resistance Against Hitler's Regime

Located in the heart of Berlin, the German Resistance Museum is a vital repository of information about the resistance movements that opposed Adolf Hitler and his regime during World War II. This museum provides visitors with a glimpse into the lives and actions of the men and women who risked their lives to fight against the atrocities committed by the Nazi regime. Let's explore the history of this museum and how it came to be an essential part of Berlin's cultural landscape.

The Origins of the Museum

The idea for a museum that would document the resistance against Hitler and the Nazis was first proposed in the late 1960s. The German Resistance Memorial Foundation was established in 1971 to create a permanent exhibition to commemorate those who had risked their lives to oppose the Nazi regime. The foundation was aided by a group of survivors and members of resistance groups who were keen to ensure that their stories were told for future generations.

The Museum's Creation and Expansion

After a prolonged fundraising campaign, the museum was finally opened in 1985 in a building that was once the Bendlerblock, the former headquarters of the German Army. The Bendlerblock had been the site of a failed coup attempt against Hitler on July 20, 1944, led by Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, which resulted in the execution of Stauffenberg and many others.

Over time, the museum has expanded and added new exhibits and installations. Today, it covers an area of 1,000 square meters and features multimedia displays, interactive exhibits, and a comprehensive library. The museum has also gained recognition as an important research center for scholars and students studying resistance movements in Germany.

The Museum's Exhibitions

The museum's exhibitions focus on the diverse range of groups and individuals who opposed the Nazi regime. Visitors can learn about the experiences of political dissidents, artists, religious groups, and others who stood up to the oppressive government. The museum features several permanent exhibits that highlight the role of different resistance groups, such as the White Rose, the Swing Kids, and the Kreisau Circle. These exhibits include artifacts, photographs, and documents that provide a tangible connection to the people who fought against the Nazi regime.

In addition to these permanent exhibits, the museum also hosts temporary exhibitions that explore different aspects of resistance and the impact of the Nazi regime. These exhibitions often feature artwork, films, and other forms of media that reflect on the legacy of the resistance movement.

The Significance of the Museum

The German Resistance Museum is a crucial institution that serves to remind visitors of the importance of resistance against tyranny and oppression. The museum offers a sobering reminder of the atrocities committed by the Nazi regime and the courage of those who fought against it. It also serves as a testament to the resilience of the human spirit in the face of adversity.

The museum's exhibits provide an invaluable resource for students, scholars, and researchers who wish to learn more about the resistance movements that operated in Germany during World War II. By preserving the stories and artifacts of those who opposed the Nazi regime, the museum ensures that their legacy will live on for future generations.


The German Resistance Museum in Berlin is an essential part of Germany's cultural landscape. By telling the stories of those who risked everything to oppose the Nazi regime, the museum offers visitors a glimpse into a dark period in history. The museum's exhibits serve as a reminder of the importance of standing up to oppression and tyranny, and its research facilities provide a valuable resource for those studying resistance movements. The German Resistance Museum is a powerful tribute to the resilience of the human spirit and a testament to the enduring legacy of those who fought against tyranny.


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